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Christians for Biblical Equality

Notes for Workshop discussion (From Powerpoint Presentation)

 

Slide 1

Why we believe what we believe?

...how our mind (thoughts, feelings, personality) affects our religious beliefs and practice

 

 

Slide 2

Hermeneutics

  • ...the study of the interpretation of texts
  • The writer —context and experience
  • Genre
  • Original hearers — what was the meaning for them
  • Present hearers (us) — our context, pre-understanding

 

 

Slide 3

"You might think that you could arrive at a belief or a decision by non-rational means, and then try to justify it, and if you couldn't justify it, reject it.

 

But we change our minds less often — much less often than we think."

Yudkowsky 2007

 

 

Slide 4

Bias

  • Prior attitude effect. Subjects who feel strongly about an issue - even when encouraged to be objective - will evaluate supportive arguments more favourably than contrary arguments.

  • Confirmation bias. Subjects free to choose their information sources will seek out supportive rather than contrary sources.
  • Attitude strength effect. Subjects voicing stronger attitudes will be more prone to the above biases.

  • Sophistication effect. Politically knowledgeable subjects, because they possess greater ammunition with which to counter-argue incongruent facts and arguments, will be more prone to the above biases.

 

Slide 5

Task 1. LIFE HISTORY

Name the people who have had the most influence on you.....

Name Position
What did I like about them?

What did I learn from them?

 

Are there people who have had negative influences?

 

What did I not like about them?

 

What did I learn from them?

 

Slide 6

Identification

  • .... a psychological process whereby a person assimilates an aspect, property or attribute of another person and is transformed, wholly or partially, after the model the other provides.
  • It is by means of a series of identifications that a personality is constituted and specified


    La Planche & Pontalis, 1985

     

    Slide 7


    Family Photos

     

     

    Slide 8

    Task 2. Family of Origin

    Relationships

  • What was the feeling in your family?
  • Happy, sad, tense, crowded, empty, warm, cold
  • What was the level of affection?
  • Was there respect?
  • Were there shared activities?

    Roles

  • Who offered care and support
  • Were jobs/roles set or flexible?
  • Who decided where you went for holidays?

    Rules

  • Was your house neat and tidy?
  • Was your family punctual?
  • What was the attitude to money?

     

     

    Slide 9

     

    Cognitive dissonance

  • An uncomfortable experience caused by holding two contradictory ideas simultaneously

  • People have a motivational drive to reduce dissonance by changing their attitudes, beliefs and behaviours, or by justifying or rationalizing them

     

     

    Slide 10

     

    Aesop's Fable: The Fox and the Grapes

    Desiring something then criticising it because it proves unattainable

    - 'Adaptive Preference'

     

     

    Slide 11

     

    Task 3. Communication style

    Relationships Important

     

    Wants to be

    |

    Problems to be
    liked
    solved
    Passive Assertive
    Withdraws into Shell

    |

    Tries to Force
    Avoids conflict Viewpoint
    Relationships not so important

     

    Slide 12

    Task 3. Communication style

     

    Relationships Important

     

    Wants to be

    |

    Problems to be
    liked
    solved
    Passive

    Assertive
    Withdraws into Shell

    |

    Tries to Force
    Avoids conflict Viewpoint
    Relationships not so important

     

    Slide 13

    Exploring the communication of evangelical families

    Colaner CW, Communication Studies 2009

     

     

    Encourage individuality
    Conformity orientation
    Emphasis on obedience and uniformity in behaviour

     

     

    Little interaction & connection
    Conversation orientation
    High levels of expressiveness, frequent Interaction, comfortable with debate

     

  • Egalitarian parents have greater use of conversation oriented communication
  • Hierarchical complementarians use greater conformity-oriented communication

     

    Slide 14

    Discussion

    • What are the implications of this for the gender issue

     

     

    Slide15

    Summary: Why we believe what we believe

  • Attitudes, beliefs, values and behaviours are developed by 'modelling' through a series of identifications
  • This includes models of gender role, communication style, decision-making, conflict resolution
  • Cognitive dissonance will be resolved by:
    • Changing attitudes, beliefs or behaviours
    • Justifying or rationalizing (confirmation bias, selective attention)
  • Gender roles, communication styles and beliefs are all related
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